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How To Start Goat Farming For Beginners

Goat farming business is one of the most popular livestock businesses in Nigeria. Some people rear two or more goats for personal benefit while some rear for business.

Goat farming business involves the raising and rearing of goats on a small or large scale.

Goats are on high demand for their meat, especially their head, in many restaurants. Goat heads are used to make a soup called ‘Isi ewu’.

Goats are one of the major sources of meat in Nigeria. They are used to celebrate many festivals including Christmas, Salah, weddings, birthdays and many other occasions.

Goats are easy to rear and do not require much attention. For small scale farming, they can be reared in a compound, while a large scale farming would require more land space.

This business is definitely one you can do on the side along with your full-time work.

Is Goat Farming Profitable?

Goat farming is a lucrative business and goats are easy to rear. Their meat is widely eaten across the country and is therefore in high demand.

Since goat meat is a highly required commodity, you can’t go wrong with starting your own goat farm.

How Much Goat Farmers Make

Goat farms need little investment to start but the profit, in the end, is much more than the investment.

This profit is gotten from the meat and the milk for meat-producing and milk-producing goat farms respectively.
Profits can also be gotten from their byproducts which includes droppings, skin, hair and bones.

Tips To Set Up A Goat Farm

Your Business Plan:

Planning is very important, especially in the beginning. How much are you intending to pour in the business? Are you going small scale or large scale? (It’s advisable to start with a small scale business if you’re just starting).

What are you rearing the goats for? Meat, milk or both? Have a plan that covers what your farm entails before you begin.

Get Knowledge:

Get the necessary knowledge you need to run your goat farm. Getting knowledge is important so that you don’t fall for little and avoidable mistakes.

Learn how to take care of the goats, their reproduction and gestation period, symptoms of diseases, and how to properly care for them.

Find A Good Land :

The location of the land for the farm must have pasture available or must be close to pasture. The farm must also have enough space to allow the goats roam freely. A spacious farm allows for less possibility of the spread of diseases.

Construct Infrastructures:

Sheds must also be built to keep the goats together when it’s dark, raining or when the sun is harsh. Since goats move in groups, it’s not advisable to separate them in different spaces or sheds.

Other infrastructure like fences to prevent the goats from getting lost and intruders from getting in, constant water supply, lodging house(s) that can accommodate you or your farm workers, should be made available before the arrival of your goats.

Get A Good Breed:

Get a good breed of goats. If you’d be rearing goats for their meat, get a breed that produces more meat and if you’d be rearing for milk, get a breed that produces milk abundantly.

Goat Feed:

Goats feed on pasture. It’s their original choice of food. Therefore, your goat farm must have pasture. You can plant grasses on your land or arrange for a nearby land where it is approved and favourable for your goats to graze.

There are also healthy processed goat feeds you can buy to feed the goats exclusively or along with pasture.

Get A Veterinary Doctor:

Goats need medical check-ups by a Vet doctor once in a while to check and confirm that they’re in good health and to quickly identify sick goats and separate them from healthy ones.

Marketing:

As your goats mature, discover markets and the market prices so that you have an idea of how much they are worth before you take them to the market for sale.

Startup Cost And Requirements

The startup cost must be sufficient to acquire a good land with good pasture, facilities needed for the smooth run of the farm and the purchase of the goats.

Types of Goat Species to Farm in Nigeria

There are several species of goats reared in Nigeria. These species include both local breeds which are resident in the country and adaptable breeds from other countries.

Local breeds include:

1. African dwarf
2. Maradi/Red Sokoto
3. Pygmy
4. Sahelian

Foreign breeds includes:

5. Boer
6. Saanen
7. Nubian
8. Alpine
9. Toggenburg
10. Jamnapari

Which Breed of Goat is Most Profitable?

The most profitable species of goats to rear for meat is the Boer breed. This breed, unlike most breeds, can produce a good amount of meat even at a year old. It weighs about 300 pounds when mature. Australia is the top exporter of Boer meat.

The Saanen breed is the best goat species for milk production. A mature Saanen goat can produce 1-3 gallons of milk in one day.

Challenges of Goat farming Business

Outbreak of Disease:

Diseases are a major challenge for livestock farms, including goat farms. These diseases include brucellosis, coccidiosis and salmonellosis, among others.

Diseases can be prevented by regular vaccination and deworming. Routine checks by veterinary doctors would also limit the spread of diseases. During these checks, weak animals and ones with visible signs of a disease would be separated from the rest

Limited Access to Pasture:

This problem may arise in certain areas where there is low availability of pasture or during certain seasons like the dry season.

This problem can be tackled by growing a pasture in your farm and consistently watering it during the dry season.

Conclusion

Goat farming business is easy to run and needs little attention and labour. Despite its simplicity, this business has good returns. So, you get the ease (as long as you do it right) and good profit.

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How To Start Mushroom Farming For Beginners

Mushroom farming is a lucrative business with little recognition in Nigeria. Commercial mushroom farming involves the breeding of edible mushrooms for sale.

Mushrooms are the fruiting bodies of a kind of fungi. They grow on their source of food, which is usually a rotting wood, and on the soil.

Mushrooms occur in various breeds with some containing toxins that are harmful to the body while some contain nutrients which benefits the body. Apart from the many nutrients mushrooms are a source to, they have a delightful taste.

The demand for mushrooms is high while its supply is low in Nigeria. Therefore, the supply is supported by exporting mushrooms from other countries.

Is Mushroom Farming Profitable?

Mushroom farming in Nigeria is on low availability whereas its demand is high. With this, starting your mushroom farm would bring you to a market where the product is in high need but there are few suppliers. Therefore, you don’t have to worry about not finding customers.

Mushroom farming takes some effort (what business doesn’t?) but the profit is worth more than the effort. This business can make you a millionaire as long as learn the know-how and do it.

How Much Mushroom Farmers Make?

Mushroom farmers make millions! The amount you profit at the end of one season is, of course, as a result of the amount you invest in mushroom seeds.

For instance, you made 25 bags of oysters which weigh about 500 kilos. 1 kilo of oysters is N2000, 500 kilos of oyster gives you 2000 × 500 = 1,000,000 naira.

Tips To Set Up Mushroom Farm

You want to start mushroom farming, here’s what you need to do.

Get The Know-How:

To start anything, you need to know how to do it or you’ll make the slightest mistake you could have avoided.

This article already gives you a basic knowledge of mushroom farming. Read more about it and also learn from mushroom farmers.

Acquire a Space:

Get a space for your farm. This space should be large enough to accommodate your mushrooms if using the wood log medium. For the sawdust medium, you can use a darkened room with enough ventilation in your house (to save some money) or build a farmhouse.

The Substrate or Medium:

Get the medium or substrate needed to grow the mushrooms. Examples of this substrate are sawdust and bran. The substrate must be disinfected to remove microorganisms which may affect the growth of the mushrooms.

The Container and in-Betweens:

The container can be a plastic bag or something else that has enough space to allow the mushroom spawns (seeds) to grow.

The in-betweens are equipment for sanitation which includes gloves and disinfectants and sprayers to mist the mushrooms.
Good sanitation is a very important factor in a mushroom farm which can either make or break it.

The Seeds:

The seeds called spawns must be of good quality. Aim for quality, not inexpensiveness. Make sure to get your seeds from a reliable source.

Mushroom Spawn Suppliers:

  • Prokee Import And Export Merchants.
  • KC Farm
  • Anighoro farms (based in Lagos, Ogun & and Edo state)
  • JEMAC Alternatives Nig Ltd
  • ECONERG INDUSTRIAL GROUP
  • Jomolu Farms
  • David Nigeria Limited
  • FASFAT INTEGRATED SERVICES
  • TJY Nigeria
  • AILENET BUSINESS RESOURCES
  • AB PROPERTIES AND DEVELOPMENT COMPANY LIMITED
  • Mcprint Systems Limited
  • LTC Mushroom
  • Sweet Fungus Limited
  • ACEPRD Mushroom Farm (University Of Jos)
  • Afudem Farm
  • Santa Nigeria Limited
  • Paramount Integrated Ltd
  • Sunnykem Multibiz Company
  • Ozias Nigeria Limited
  • Lexon International Enterprise

Startup Cost And Requirements

The cost to start initially ranges from N100,000-N500,000. The startup would be on the less side if some of the essentials are present.

The cost for subsequent breeding seasons would also be less since the necessary facilities are already available.

The startup cost is required to cover the acquisition of land, the building of a farmhouse (if you don’t have one already), and all the materials needed for the smooth run of the farm.

Best Ways to Make a Mushroom Farm

To build a mushroom farm, you need a medium– a substrate where the mushroom seed is planted which can allow it to grow.
This medium can either be a log of wood or sawdust.

Sawdust Medium

Sawdust is cheap to get. A bag can be sold for N50 or less if you’re buying many in bulk.

For the sawdust medium:

● Get bags of sawdust and sterilize the sawdust to remove microorganisms that would harm the mushrooms.
● Place the sawdust in a plastic bag or any other container that can accommodate the growth of the mushrooms.
● Combine the seeds of the mushroom (spawns) with the sawdust in the container.

● The mushroom spawns need an initial heat before they grow. So, place the container with the mixture of sawdust and spawns under direct sunlight to heat up for some time.

● After heating, place the container in a dark room or space. This is where the growing process occurs. This room should have good ventilation and be at normal room temperature.

● Pour some soil over the mixture and spray it with water regularly to keep it moistened for about 4 weeks as the spawns grow into mushrooms.

Wood Log Medium

To use this medium, you would need logs of wood cut into several pieces. These pieces of wood must be decontaminated and must be a good breeding area for the mushrooms.

To plant the mushroom spawns,

● Make holes into the pieces of wood and place the spawns in these holes.

● Keep the logs under a shade to protect the spawns from direct sunlight.

● Spray the spawns regularly as they grow into mushrooms.

Types of Mushroom Species

Some of the edible mushroom species to farm in Nigeria include:

Shiitake (Letinula Edodes): This species of mushroom is said to reduce tumours. It’s widely grown in Asian countries, especially Japan.

Oysters (Pleurotus Ostreatus): This species have antibacterial and antioxidant abilities. It may also fight excess cholesterol in one’s body.

Morels (Morchella Esculenta): Morels also have antioxidant abilities like Oysters and are rich in vitamin C.

Chanterelles (Cantharellus Cibarius): This species, like Shiitake, is widely grown in Asia along with Europe’s northern regions and North America. They are rich in vitamins C and D.

Challenges of Mushroom Farming

The major challenge facing mushroom businesses in Nigeria is the inadequate information about the health benefits of mushrooms and the support they can add to the economy.

Mushroom farming is an untapped resource that can generate employment and income to Nigerians if only more people know about it.

Conclusion

Mushroom farming is interesting and it’s valuable. Not many people are involved in it. It’s easy to run and yields magnanimously in a few months. This business is one you should consider. Just learn the process and follow them and you’d have for yourself a booming business. It’s mostly consumed as livestock but it’s a vegetable.

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How To Start Pig Farming For Beginners

Pig farming is a kind of livestock farming which involves the rearing of pigs. Pigs, if nurtured and reared well, mature for market quicker than most livestock. Their breeding rate (about 10 healthy piglets) also contributes to providing more profit to their farmer.

Pig farming isn’t gross as it’s stereotyped to be. In fact, an emphasis is placed on cleanliness and biosecurity like other livestock farms. Maybe even more than other farms.

Pig farming as you already guessed is the rearing of pigs for commercial purposes.

How Profitable Is Pig Farming?

Pig farming is highly profitable. It however doesn’t have the recognition it deserves in Nigeria. Pig meat (pork) is a good source of animal protein. The nutritional benefits pork is capable of giving trumps over religious biases some people have about it.

How Much Pig Farmers Make

A mature pig can be sold for N35,000-N40,000. The sale of 50 mature pigs for N35,000 would give you 50 × 35,000= N1,750,000. If you raise 200 mature pigs in a year, your return would be 200 × 35,000= 7 million naira.

However, the market-quality of the pigs depends on the quality of the pig’s breed and its overall health.

Demand For Pig Meat

The demand for pig meat (pork) is high in Nigeria but there are few localised sources. About 80% of the pork consumed in Nigeria is imported.

Pork is a major source of animal protein and though there are religious discriminations against pork, the nutritional benefits can not be ignored.

Tips To Set Up Pig Farm

Starting your pig farm can seem a little daunting and confusing at first ’cause where do you start from

Here are some tips you should know before launching your pig farm:

Startup Capital:

The startup capital is an important component that determines the others. It must be enough to cover vaccination, housing and feed for the pigs.

Free-Range or Intensive:

Pigs can either be reared in a free-range system or an intensive system.

In the free-range system, the pigs are allowed to roam about and graze on a fenced piece of land. In this system, the animals have enough space to themselves and there is less possibility of the spread of diseases.

Shade must be provided in the free-range system to prevent the pigs from getting sunburns and to provide a cool atmosphere for the pigs.

In an intensive system, the pigs are kept in a secured building and their movements are usually limited to the house. The animals might be allowed to roam on fenced grounds and are later returned to the building.

There must be enough space to accommodate the animals in the building to prevent overcrowding.

3. Housing: The house the pigs are kept in must allow enough air in and be cool even in hot periods. This is because pigs are vulnerable to stress from heat. The building should also be spacious enough for the number of pigs accommodated in it.

4. Getting the pigs: When getting the weaners (little pigs), ensure that they are of good genetics and in good health. Although we sometimes go for the cheaper alternative, don’t do that while purchasing the new pigs. Purchase the ones of good quality.

5. Availability of water: The availability of water is a very important factor that determines the proper growth and function of pigs.
On average, a young pig needs about 10 litres of water in a day while an adult pig needs 25-50 litres in a day.

That is a lot of water!

Apart from the nutritional benefits of water, pigs also use water to regulate their body temperature. This is also a reason why they bathe in mud.

There must be a constant supply of water available and a backup reserved water in case the supply of water is cut short.

6. Quality of feed: What kind of feed would you be providing your pigs? The feed must be a balanced diet, providing your swine all the needed nutrition.

7. Marketing: When your pigs are getting mature for the market, find a good market for them and sell at profitable rates.

8. Start small: It is advisable to start small when you’re just beginning. This would enable you to test your knowledge and capability. And it would also shorten the number of possible casualties that may occur due to your experience level. As soon as you get the hang of it, increase the number of weaners the next time.

Startup Cost And Requirements

The cost of starting up a pig farm must be enough to cover the land, housing, the pigs, vaccines, feed and feeding equipment.

Pig Farm Construction

The construction of a pig farm solely depends on whether it’s a free-range or an intensive housing system.

For an intensive housing system, a building with enough ventilation and light would be erected. This building must be able to keep them warm during the cold season and keep them cool during hot seasons.

For a free-range system, the field provided for the pigs to graze and roam on must be fenced to prevent them from wandering till they’re lost. Also, a house must be built to gather the pigs together when it’s dark to protect them from predators and cold.

Light, water and shade must be made available to the pigs in either kind of housing system. Good quality feed and water must also be provided.

The Best Pig Species

The best species of pigs in Nigeria are:

1. Local breeds: They came in different colours: white, black, brown.

Foreign breeds include:

2. Duroc: They are red in colour and are muscular. Also, their growth rate is faster than the other breeds.

3. Hampshire: They are black in colour with a white band around their body. They are also muscular.

4. Landrace: The pigs are white in colour and they have long bodies.

5. Yorkshire: This breed is white in colour and also has long bodies.

Challenges of Pig farming Business

1. Disease and infection: This is a major problem many livestock farmers face. The spread of disease can be prevented by not overcrowding, by vaccinating the pigs and by examining them regularly for signs of an infection.

2. Acquisition of land: Finding land that not only accommodates the pigs well but one that also accommodates their waste products might be hard to find. Also, when choosing a land, consider it’s closeness to markets, access to water and convenient roads.

3. Cost of feed: Pigs feed on several ranges of food: foods humans eat, vegetables, leftovers from restaurants and many other scraps.

4. Startup Capital: Fresh and young entrepreneurs face the problem of low or no startup capital. They may have the idea and knowledge to start a pig farm but the capital is absent.

This challenge can be tackled by saving, investing, receiving a loan, lending from friends and family, selling stuff you don’t need, and many more.

Conclusion

Pig farming is an interesting kind of livestock farming. It is an overlooked business, therefore, there are only a few farms in Nigeria. Even with this, it is consumed significantly in the country.

Pig farming requires time, money and care like other kinds of livestock farming. Like most livestock farms (if not all), pig farming is highly profitable. Gather the necessary knowledge you need to build a successful pig farming business and start building your farm.

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How To Start Fish Farming As A Beginner

Fish farming is one of the most lucrative businesses in Nigeria and many other parts of the world. Fish farming involves the breeding of fishes for personal or commercial purposes.

Fishes contain lots of minerals and vitamins. They abundantly contain iron, magnesium, zinc, calcium and more.

Fishes contain Omega 3 fatty acids, which aids the proper functioning of the heart, and are good sources of minerals and vitamins. Unlike most meat, they have no cholesterol and this brings them to the top of the food chain for the middle-aged and old sect of the population.

Fishes and their products (e.g fish oil) are prescribed by medical staff to supplement or increase some minerals and vitamins in a person.

What’s The Demand For Fish?

The demand for fish is high and increasing as more people discover its usefulness. Also, since it doesn’t have cholesterol like meat, its demand among middle-aged and old people is high.

Tips On Setting Up Your Own Fish Pond

Training

Get equipped with the knowledge you need to start your fish farm. Learn from a fish farmer for as long as you should (preferably about 2 months). The success of your fish farm (and other kinds of livestock farms) won’t come by chance or luck but by knowing what you ought to know.

Land and Location:

The kind of land you get solely rests on your pocket and the size of your business. You can start with the space in your compound if it’s enough to accommodate the fish ponds. You can also start with a half plot of land or a full plot or more, as long as it’s within your capacity.

The location of the land doesn’t matter because fishes don’t create environmental issues.

Build Ponds:

Once you’ve got a space for the ponds, the next thing to do is build ponds.

For this part, an expert is required. You need an expert in pond construction or expert advice from a good fish farm so that everything is measured correctly and all fall in the right place.

Accessible Water Source:

Natural origins of water (streams, boreholes, unchlorinated well water, etc) must be readily available since water is the habitat of fishes.

Get a Tank or Reservoir:

The tank or reservoir is where water from the natural source is pumped into. This water is carried through the pipes that connect with the ponds and fills the ponds.

Getting the Fishes:

Ensure that the supplier is reputable and that the fishes are healthy and of a good breed.

Startup Cost And Requirements

The startup cost is required to cover the construction of the ponds, the tank or reservoir, the source of natural water, and all in between. The startup cost depends on your capital at hand.
Thankfully, there are several kinds of fish ponds whose prices vary widely.

Fish Pond Construction

There are several kinds of fish ponds: earthen, concrete, plastic, wooden, fibreglass and embankment fish ponds. However, earth and concrete are the two major types.

Earthen Fish Pond:

It’s easy to build. What you need to do is dig a hole in a specific area of the land with a shallow and a deep end/lip. The depth of the shallow lip should be at 1m and the deep lip at 2m.

Concrete Fish Pond:

This involves the use of concrete and blocks to build walls about 5cm thick and a floor about 10cm thick.

Embankment Fish Pond:

This directly involves a natural water source. A fish pond is made from the natural water source (e.g stream) by segregating a part of the source with barriers.

Fiberglass, Wooden and Plastic Fish Ponds:

These fish ponds are built with fibreglass, wood and plastic respectively.

These fish ponds are built with inlets and outlets that bring water in and out respectively. Also, a regular water supply is very essential for all types of fish ponds.

Types of Fish Species

Among the various species of fishes available, only a few can be bred. The three main species of fishes farmers breed are:

Catfish:

Catfishes are one of the easiest to nurture so most fish farmers choose it, especially when they’re just starting.
Catfishes are the type of fish most likely to be paired with a poultry farm because the birds’ droppings can be used to augment the feed for the fishes and to fertilize the pond.

Mackerel:

Mackerel tops the chart as the most eaten type of fish in Nigeria. Mackerel fish is popularly known as “Titus”. They reside in the saltwater habitat and are only caught by fishermen. They can’t be bred yet because research is still ongoing about their biology and the possibility of replicating their habitat.

Tilapia:

Tilapia ranks second as the most famous fish in Nigeria. It resides in the freshwater habitat. It’s the easiest type of fish to breed and it reproduces and grows at an insanely fast rate.

Challenges of Fish Farming

Capital:

The capital to start a small scale fish farm can be as high as N400,000-N500,000. The capital for a bigger one blows up into millions. This is because a fish farm needs more structuring than some other livestock farms.

This cost can, however, be reduced by building tarpaulin or plastic ponds which cost about N70,000-N90,000 and are also movable.

Building a fish farm in your compound might reduce the cost to some extent. This is if certain things are already available like the natural water source, land and a tank. What is left is the pond construction, plumbing work, getting the fishes, and everything in between.

Price of Fish:

The price of fish sold by fish farmers is higher in comparison with fishes sold by fishermen due to the cost of feed and management.

This means most people would rather get low-priced good quality fishes from fishermen than high-priced good-quality fishes from fish farmers.

Zero Byproduct:

Fishes unlike many livestock animals have no byproducts. Therefore, their farmer lacks other channels of income other than the fishes themselves.

Conclusion

Fish farming is another lucrative livestock business. The availability of fish farms is also on the increasing side as more people find out about its profitability.

With fish farming, you not only make a huge profit at the end, but you also make an addition to the agricultural sector.

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10 Most Profitable Livestock Farming For Beginners

Livestock farming is a gold mine. Not literally of course. If livestock businesses produced actual gold, everyone would have a farm. But it takes work and patience and this is where many people back out.

Human beings need food and the major food sources are plants and livestock animals. Therefore, if we’d be feeding on them, they should be reproduced so that there is enough for everyone and they don’t go extinct.

The agricultural sector in Nigeria is one that needs more development and spotlight. Gone are the days when agriculture was done by only the poor and illiterate. More people, especially young people are coming into the knowledge of the prospects of agriculture and farming to their financial status and the economy of the country.

Top 10 Livestock Farming In Nigeria

  1. Poultry farming
  2. Pig farming
  3. Cattle farming
  4. Snail farming
  5. Fish farming
  6. Sheep farming
  7. Goat farming
  8. Rabbit farming
  9. Honey bee farming
  10. Grasscutter farming

Revenue Potentials Of Livestock Farming

Livestock farming is capable of producing wealth to anyone, as long as you know what you’re doing.

Livestock farming is gold mines. The rate at which some of them produce gains would return the cost you spent on starting up and give you some extra profit within two years.

For instance, in a poultry business where you’re breeding layers, they start laying eggs at around 18 weeks of age. If you have 100 hens and each produces one egg a day, the eggs produced in 365 days equals 36,500.

If eggs sell for N30 each, 36500 eggs would give you N1,095,000 in a year.

Investment Opportunities In Livestock Farming

Investing in livestock involves acquiring a number of them, raising them till they mature and selling them at a much higher price.
This kind of investment is fascinating because you see the livestock grow daily and appreciate right in front of you.

Investing in livestock farming have a certain level of risk but then, which business doesn’t. These risks are the challenges facing livestock businesses, some of which includes disease outbreak and high cost of feed.

These risks can be reduced to absolute minimal with solutions like a vaccination that reduces the possibility of a disease outbreak. Therefore, the risks are not crippling. As long as you cater to the health of your livestock and give them what they need, they’ll be fine.

Financial Requirements

To start any livestock business, there’s a need for a startup cost. This startup cost is required to cover the land, farmhouse, feed, younglings to be bred, water and all necessary infrastructure.
The startup cost differs from business to business. It solely depends on what each business requires.

Challenges Of Livestock Farming

Capital: The problem of capital is one that most new farmers face. The capital needed for the startup of a livestock business can be a little on the high side sometimes and this can be overwhelming for a new farmer.

Saving, loans, borrowing from friends and family, and government grants or aids are possible helps that can lift this problem.

Obtaining a Land:

A good land with valuable soil for farming and livestock breeding might be hard to come by. This is due to various reasons which include the high price of land, swindlers posing as landowners and finding quality lands in good locations.

Transportation:

Good transportation is a major issue for farmers. When the roads connecting farms with markets are poor and dysfunctional, they cause harm to the animals being transported and can even lead to the death of some animals and damage to farm products.

Apart from roads, other transport systems like the railway are not really efficient in Nigeria. The railway transport system is a very effective way to transport farm products and livestock animals due to the stability and maximum safety it offers. Therefore, this aspect of transportation must be awoken.

Diseases:

Disease outbreak among livestock animals is as real their dung and anything else that’s real about them. An uncontrolled disease outbreak in a farm of livestock animals has the capacity of causing a mass death or low productivity of the animals.

Animal Feed:

The feed livestock animals consume take up a high percentage of expenses. This is caused by the elevated price of processed feeds.

This problem can be countered by preparing the animals’ feed by yourself. This method is cheaper and helps you use the saved amount for something else.

How To Overcome These Challenges

Enlightenment: More people need to be enlightened that agriculture isn’t just a rough work that yields nothing but a gold mine that needs to be tapped into.

Nigerians, the young and old must see agriculture in a new light. It’s happening already but it needs to spread throughout the country till we all become agri-knowing.

Government Aids:

Livestock businesses require investment and this investment can be difficult to get sometimes. This is where government aids should come in. Aids to assist farmers, especially new ones, to fund their business and provide essential mechanical tools to facilitate their work.

Fixing The Transport System:

For proper and safe transport of livestock and food products, the transportation systems in Nigeria has to be fixed. Railway transport should be improved and made better and road transport restored

Vaccination and Medical Checks:

Diseases are a major issue in all livestock farms. They can however be reduced by regular medical checks of every animal. These checks would ensure that the animals are in good shape and sick animals would be spotted and separated during the checks.

Vaccination is also an important preventive measure to avoid the spread of diseases. Livestock animals should be given the necessary vaccine to strengthen their immune system against the invasion of diseases.

Conclusion

Livestock farming has its challenges but these challenges don’t trump the many benefits and gains they bring.

As more light is shed on livestock businesses and as more people engage in them, the unemployed would have jobs and food security would increase in the country.

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