Category : Start A Business

Start A Business

Easy Steps to Start Honey Bee Farming In 2022

Honey Bee Farming

I read this honey bee story with amusement – as told by an unanimous story teller.

When I was much younger, my father, during one of his adventures in an old, dusty store in our apartment, got stung by a honey bee. And his eye was swollen.

My junior brother, almost exploding with the news screamed to our neighbor downstairs, “my daddy is blind”. He was about four years old at the time.

Thankfully, my father did not go blind.

The business of rearing honey bees, honey bee farming, involves the keeping of bees, breeding them, collecting the honey produced and marketing them.

Honey bee farming business is known as apiculture. Asides from honey, honey bees are also kept for other products which include beeswax, venom, royal jelly, pollen and propolis.

First of all, the know-how of the business is very important. Do you have an idea of what a honey bee farm is about? How do you start one?

Why Start Honey Bee Farming?

Beekeeping, among many other agricultural businesses, is a gold well and requires more involvement.

3 reasons why you should start a honey bee farm:

Highly Profitable

In 2018, it was recorded that Nigeria spends about two billion dollars to import honey into the country. It has also been discovered that Nigeria produces about 10% of honey that its citizens consume!

This should answer your question of whether or not bee farming is profitable. There’s around 90% local market supply gap. Your honey bee farm has a large room for growth.

A majority of the honey consumed in Nigeria is imported. And many of them are not actual honey but sugar syrups. Think about that.

Agents of Pollination

If you already have a farm, it’s an added advantage because bees are pollination agents. They would cause a significant increase in your produce and income at the end of the day.

The business flows with the seasons. You need to know the times and seasons if you’ll engage in beekeeping.

Honey bees are more active during flowering seasons before fruits start to form. They are at their peak and this way, they can get enough pollen and nectar and hence produce a maximum amount of honey.

They can however be fed in seasons where food is not abundant.

Productivity

A beehive can produce up to twelve liters of honey in the first year of acquiring it. Consequently, you can get about ten liters of honey after 6-8 months.

A liter of honey can sell for about N1500 or more. Calculate N1500×10× the number of beehives you have and that is your profit from bee farming every 6-8 months.

Imagine you have 100 beehives that’s N1,500 multiplied by 10, which is N15,000. Then multiply N15,000 by 100, and that’s N1,500,000 every 6 to 8 months.

How Much Required to Start Honey Bee Farm

If you are wanting to ask this question: How much does it cost to start a bee farm in Nigeria? I have the answer covered for you in this post as well.

Bee farming can be started with as low as N50,000 and as much as can be. How high the starting cost goes solely depends on how big you want to start.

New tools are better for new bee farmers or beekeepers because they are new. Unlike most second-hand equipment, they have everything intact. You might not notice something missing if you’re not familiar with the equipment so it’s much better.

The starting cost can also be reduced by using locally made equipment, as long as they are of good quality.

A farm site for you bees does not have to be your land, acquired and paid for, especially you don’t have so much. It can be leased or rented from a friend, family member or anyone willing to lease their land.

Or you can partner with someone who has a farm. For safety sake, let this agreement be bound with a legal document or with trusted witnesses at least.

The landowner benefits from the bees’ pollination and you benefit from the space or land and the availability of flowers and food.

Pick Your Bee Niche

You can keep honey bees for several reasons. Many apiculturists keep honey bees just for their honey but there are more products honey bees are capable of producing.

Your bee niche may be to produce beeswax along with honey. Or to harvest royal jelly and honey. You can also decide to rear honey bees for the function of pollinating crops.

Choose the products you want to base your beekeeping business on and build up from there.

How do honey bees produce honey?
Did you know that honey is food for honey bees?

Also, did you know that honey bees have a separate stomach called the honey stomach where they temporarily store nectar?

Honey bees suck out nectar from flowers and store it in their honey stomach. When their stomachs are filled, they return to the beehive where they convert the nectar to honey.

Did you suck out the juice from small red flowers like I did when I was younger? That sweet juice that you tasted is nectar.

The Best Location for Bee Farming

The beehive should allow for sunlight. There should also be a shade to reduce the severity of the sun and to keep the beehive cool.

The beehive should be located amidst trees or some kind of shade to protect the bees from intense winds and sunlight, the forces of nature.

For the bees to find food, the compound with their hive needs to have plants. It doesn’t have to be a flower bed or flowers of fruits alone. Weeds, trees, and other plants are also sources of food since they produce pollen.

Bees must be able to find abundant water and food (pollen and nectar) in the area where the hive is so that they do not have to travel long distances in search of food.

The area should be dry, not moist. It should not be noisy or crowded. Avoid using chemicals like weedicide or insecticide around the area where the beehive is situated.

The opening or door of the beehive should not be in the direction where people would pass. This would prevent a collision between bees and humans and therefore prevent bee stings.

Marketing Plan For Honey Bee Farming Business

A business plan is important to communicate what your business is about and how you want to run it. Contact us to get one at affordable price. Or get the Honey Bee Farming Guide 101 to hive you all the necessary information.

If you want to apply for a loan, you need to have a business plan to show your lender how you plan on using their money, how long it would take and how the profits would stream in.

Your Business plan should include the source of income for your business.

• Will you be getting a loan?
• For consequent costs, how would you find them?
• What would happen if you run at a loss?

Your plan should have this information.

Also, in your plan, you need to input your target market. Who would you supply with your products? How do you reach them and how do you convince them to buy from you? You should identify both local and international markets for your honey.

You should also assess your business for its strengths, weaknesses, available opportunities, and possible threats.
It’s referred to as a SWOT Analysis.

Conclusion

Honey bee farming business is one with great demand and profits. The question of whether or not people would buy is irrelevant because there is a good amount of demand already available on ground and a much less supply in Nigeria.

Do you now have an idea of what starting a honey bee farm business looks like? Do you have unanswered questions? Let me know in the comments.

Read More
Start A Business

2022 Best Guide on Grasscutter Farming

Do you know that grasscutter farming is one of the livestock businesses in Nigeria that require low cost but has big returns on your investment?

Grasscutter meat has risen among other sources of meat and now ranks among the most anted source of meat in Nigeria. This is understandable due to its many benefits and taste. However, there is a larger demand than supply.

Grasscutter farming is the business of breeding grasscutters for their meat and by-products (for example, their faeces for fertilisers).

Grasscutters are also referred to as cane rats. This is because sugarcane is one of their beloved foods. If you are going to be very successful as a grasscutter farmer, farm sugarcane too.

Grasscutters are rodents. They are much larger than common rats and live in bushes. Rats however are found in houses and their surroundings.

Grasscutter meat, among other grasscutter products, is in high demand. It contains a low amount of cholesterol and a high amount of essential nutrients.

Grasscutters are easy to breed. They mature early at about 5-6 months. Their gestation period is about 22 weeks and one female can produce roughly 12 offsprings in a year.

Why Start a Grasscutter Farm?

See some of the reasons to start your own grasscutter farming right at your back yard, without investing in farm lands and costly housing kits.

Health Benefits

Grasscutter meat is found among the class of meat referred to as white meat. It has much-reduced fat and cholesterol levels. It is high in protein.

Grasscutter meat reduces the risks of hypertension by preventing some of the factors which cause it like high cholesterol and obesity.

Another Stream of Income

Grasscutter farming is an agricultural business that is not only profitable but also brings you passive income. You don’t have to do so much work since they do not require much attention.

Ease in Farming Grasscutters

That grasscutters do not need much attention does not mean that you can or should neglect them. They need food and water daily and regular checkups to examine them for signs of sickness and keep them healthy.

They can be left alone by themselves after being provided for so that you can attend your other job if you are not doing it full time.

Low Starting Cost and Risks

You don’t need so much money to start a grasscutter business. It only needs to cover the necessities and then you are good to go. You can even start it at your back yard. Cost of building shelter or cage for grasscutters is minimal. You can construct it yourself if you are technically inclined.

They Are Fruitful and Multiply Early

Grasscutters become mature as they attain 5-6 months of age. Some even mature much early than 5 months and are ripe for breeding. This depends majorly on their breed and how well they are cared for.

It takes approximately 22 weeks for female grasscutters to carry their younglings. This means they can produce grasscutter babies twice in one year. Your breeding target should be calculated by the number of breeders you farm.

Each birth can yield about 5-7 grasscutters which means a single female grasscutter can birth 10-14 grasscutters in one year.

Increased and Increasing Demand

Due to the benefits of grasscutter meat and its recommendations by people in the health sector, the demand for grasscutter meat has risen.

This demand would continue to increase as more people find out about its benefits. You can equally farm grasscutters for your personal needs.

How Much You Require to Start

This depends on the size you’re starting with. Factors that determine the startup cost:

● Getting a mature doe(female) and a buck(male). A mature doe costs about N14,000 and a matured buck is about N12,000.

● The housing – should be such that gives the room enough to move around and nit confide them to static position.

● Feeding, cleaning and other necessary equipment

● Feed

● Checkups by a veterinary doctor

A small scale farm would cost about N50,000-N80,000 to setup. It can cost less if you have the housing or the necessary equipment ready.

Pick Your Grasscutter Farming Method

Commercial grasscutter farming can be performed in two ways:

  1. Deep litter method
  2. Cage method

Deep Litter Method

This involves putting some grasscutters in a house, in a single space.

This can be done efficiently well with a minimal number of grasscutters. The grasscutter house should be spacious to allow the grasscutters to move around freely and have space to themselves.

Cage Method

This method involves keeping grasscutters in cages or hutches. This method keeps a reduced number of grasscutters in each cage. A colony (4 females and 1 male) can occupy a cage or the grasscutters can be separated so that individual grasscutters occupy a cage.

How to Build a Grasscutter House

Housing in grasscutter farming is very important.
It must allow ventilation, light and have enough space for the animals.

The grasscutter cage should also have structures like light bulbs and waterproof covers that can protect the animals from rain and cold.

Building materials should be made of quality materials. Bamboo and wood can be chewed on, so they’re not efficient choice materials.

A grasscutter house is usually and popularly built with metal.

Grasscutters are clean animals. The grasscutter house should be built so that there is a separate space for feeding and a separate one for resting.

To allow for breeding, grasscutters should be kept in a colony. A grasscutter colony has 4 females and 1 male. This method is good since the presence of a male stimulates ovulation in females and the presence of more than one male with a female would provoke fights.

In a situation where a huge grasscutter needs to be moved around, a squeeze cage should be available. It should be about the size of the grasscutter and should not allow much movement.

A squeeze cage facilitates the easy handling of grasscutters of various sizes. The size of the cage should be tailored to fit the size of the grasscutter.

Also, trays for feeding and drinking should be made heavy so that the grasscutters cannot displace them.

The Best Grasscutter Foods

Grasscutters eat sugarcane, legumes, guinea grass, elephant grass, peels of tuber crops(e.g cassava) and outer coverings of fruits like pineapple and mango.

They can also be given concentrate to supply them with more nutrients and balance their diet.

Some concentrates are made of only one ingredient. This would not give the animals all the nutrients they need so it should be rotated with other feeds.

Other concentrates are made from multiple ingredients and can be fed to the grasscutters constantly.

The feed should be placed in the feeding container and not the floor to prevent the grasscutters from stepping on the food and soiling it with their faeces.

You can feed your grasscutters two or three times daily. Feeding the grasscutters should be consistent every day. If you would feed them in the afternoons by 2 pm, keep up with that.

A baby grasscutter depends on the mother for milk. And when it is about 6 weeks old, it is ready to be weaned.

What’s The Best Time to Start Breeding?

You can start anytime. As long as you have the money to start and the necessities are available; food and housing, and others. Another best time is tomorrow. You can start with one male and one female.

Managing Diseases And Environment Conditions

Grasscutters are prone to certain diseases which are described below. These diseases can be prevented by proper care for the grasscutters and by regularly checking them up.

Their surroundings should be kept clean and dry. Leftover food and food that is spilt out of the feeding container should be removed before a new one is placed.

Ecto and Endoparasites

Ticks and fleas are ectoparasites commonly found on grasscutters.

Endoparasites like worms also trouble grasscutters. These worms are attracted to wet areas. Constant deworming of the grasscutters would keep these worms in check.

Pneumonia

Is a common disease that attacks grasscutters. It is caused by Diplococus Pneumonate which is a bacteria. This bacteria is abundant in cold seasons.

Grasscutters should therefore be kept as warm as possible during cold seasons.

Coccidiosis

Coccidiosis is caused by a protozoan. It causes tiredness, appetite loss and diarrhoea in grasscutters.

Staphylococeamia

Is caused by Staphylococcus Aureus which is a bacteria. It causes discharges in the vagina and nose of the grasscutters.

Conclusion

Grasscutter business is another lucrative business that you can own and make yours. Are you going to start your grasscutter business, if yes, do contact us for consultation and guidance. If you have more questions, let me know in the comment.

Read More
Start A Business

How to Start Rabbit Farming Profitably In 2022

Rabbit farming business is a business that has a high booming capacity. Rabbit farming, also called cuniculture, refers to the keeping of rabbits for their meat, fur and byproducts.

A business of rearing rabbits, furry animals such as the one which led Alice down the rabbit hole to Wonderland.

Rabbit farming is the commercial rearing of rabbits, primarily for sales purposes. You can rear a single breed or diverse kinds of breeds.

Rabbit meat is the major reason why Nigerian rabbit farmers breed them. Little attention is placed on their fur.

Rabbit meat is among the meats classified as white meat. As the importance of rabbit farming in Nigeria continues to spread to more people, its high demand would continue to increase.

So, is rabbit farming a profitable business in Nigeria? Yes.

Rabbits are not expensive to breed, unlike some other livestock animals. You don’t spend much on them and you get ample profit.

Why Start a Rabbit Farm Business?

Here are my 6 reasons why you should start a rabbit farm business:

  • They can care for themselves

Of course, you need to provide food for them since they are caged and cannot get food themselves. But rabbits can be left alone after they have been provided for. This characteristic of rabbits allows you to attend to your other job if you are a part-time rabbit keeper.

  • For Their By-products

Did you know that rabbit urine is used as a pesticide and a fertilizer?

Rabbit’s urine contains nitrogen and therefore enriches the soil and crops and due to its pungent smell, it repels insect pests.

  • Doesn’t require a large amount as a start-up

Rabbit farming, like grasscutter farming, is referred to as called micro livestock farming and do not need much startup cost.

  • High Reproduction rate

Rabbits have a gestation of about 31 days after which a female rabbit produces two to twelve younglings. Due to its short gestation period, a female rabbit can produce offspring up to seven times in one year!

  • Benefits to health

As I mentioned earlier, rabbits are a source of white meat which has been known for its health benefits.

It is said to have low-calorie levels, preventing weight gain and hypertension.

  • Early maturation

Rabbits enter the maturity stage at about 5-6 months old. Some farmers however suggest that male rabbits are left to enter their first year before they are bred.

This is said to allow for the production of quality offspring.

How much can you earn from rabbit farming?

The amount you earn from each rabbit largely depends on their age and breed. You can sell a rabbit at the rate of N1500 to about N9000.

How Much You Require to Start

The amount of money you need to start your rabbit farming business depends on 3 major factors:

● The rabbit’s breed
● The number of rabbits you are starting with
● Getting a rabbit house

The cost ranges from N45,000-N100,000 with N100,000 being the highest amount you would have to spend. It can cost more if you want to start on a large scale.

Pick Your Rabbit Farming Method

Rabbits can be reared in a cage method or deep litter method.

Deep Litter Method

● This method is efficient if you will be raising a few rabbits.
● You can keep up to 30 rabbits in one house in the deep litter method. Males should be kept apart from the females till it is time to breed.
● The floor of the house should be made of concrete and should be covered with dry wood shavings or straw.
● There is a higher risk in this method than in the cage method. Make sure to start with a little number, gain experience and see how it goes and then increase their number.

Cage Method

● The animals are reared in a cage in this method. This method of rabbit farming is more efficient for a commercial business.
● You can raise as many rabbits as you want with this method with the animals spaced out in different cages.
● This method allows the rabbits enough space and food in their cage.
● The females and males also need to be separated from each other until it is time for breeding.

Rabbit Farming Business Plan in Nigeria

A business plan is important in planning your business.

If you want to get a loan to start your business, you will have to show the lender something, proof that you know what you are doing and that profit would come from the business so that you can pay them back.

The business plan should describe your business, how it would be funded, expected profit, how the marketing part would go, and all that your business needs and would be about.

There are samples of business plans to guide you in making yours.

How To Build Rabbits’ House

A rabbit house (hutch or cage) should have good ventilation, be protected by a shade and be out of the way of people passing by or noise.

The rabbit house needs a windbreaker, like a tree so that when it gets windy they would be protected from massive amounts of wind. They also need protection from rain during rainy seasons.

You should consider the following when buying or building a rabbit house:

● The size

How many rabbits do you want to start with? This would determine the size of the cage that you get.

● The type

Is the rabbit house outdoor or indoor? This would determine the material that is used to make the cage. If the cage is placed outdoors, a wooden cage would not be efficient. It would get weaker as the rain beats it.

● The material used

A majority of the rabbit houses currently are built with metal, wood and even plastic. Now, as I said earlier, the material used to build the cage depends on the exposure of the cage to the natural elements(sun and rain).

Aside from natural elements determining the type of cage, choose a cage that would not give you issues when you clean. It should be easy to clean.

Many rabbit houses have floors made of wire and a removable pan under them for easy removal of waste.

Rabbits can however develop sore feet (hocks) because they stand and walk on the wire floors all day long.

This can be reduced by covering a part of the floor with something solid, like wood. This wood would be a resting spot for the rabbits and reduce the possibility of them developing sore feet.

The Best Foods for Rabbits

The rate at which a rabbit eats is determined by the breed and of course, the age.

Rabbits eat green vegetables, cucumber, carrots and grass, among others. They can also be fed with remnants of food from your house.

Rabbits need variation in their feed. They need assorted food choices. This would ensure that they get the necessary nutrients that they need for growth and health.

As you add new foods to their diet, give them a small amount of the new food daily and check for how they react to it. When they have adapted to the food you can increase its quantity to the amount that they need.

When you give the rabbits their food make sure to place the flood in their feeder, not on the floor. Since they would be wandering around their cage, they can walk all over their food and ruin it with their faeces.

Remove the unfinished food from the previous feeding when you go to give them more food.

Rabbits eat less than they eat at night. This is majorly caused by the heat of the day. They are more active at night and so they consume more food.

If you would be feeding your rabbits with concentrate along with the other foods, you can give concentrates in the mornings and others in the evenings. Along with the food, they need clean water.

Profitable Rabbits Breeds to Farm

Some of the profitable grasscutter breeds are listed below with what they are reared for.

● Californian: Meat
● Satin: Fur and Meat
● White New Zealand: Fur and meat
● New Zealand: Meat
● Champagne d’Argent: Meat
● American Chinchilla: Fur
● Silver Martens: Fur
● English Spot: Meat and Lab
● Checkered Giants: Fur
● Rex: Fur
● Angora: Fur and Meat

You would not find all these breeds in your area. Choose the best among the ones available to you to start your grasscutter business.

The Best Time to Start Breeding

Cold weather is more favourable for rabbits than hot weather. However, to be able to create more body heat, they need additional food. Their body heat is caught by their fur, allowing them to stay warm.

Hot weather is less bearable for the rabbits. They would require your help to stay cool. Hot weather can result in overheating in the rabbits which can result in tiredness, low productivity, and even death.

Unlike during the cold weather, rabbits reduce their consumption of food but not to the point that they take just little worrying amounts.

Heat can be reduced by giving the animals cool water to drink, taking them out of their cages and underneath a tree’s shade, and placing fans with them.

Conclusion

Rabbit farming is a business you should consider if you want to start an agricultural business.

I hope this article answered your questions. Do you have more questions? Drop it in the comment box.

Read More
Start A Business

How to Start a Dog Breeding Business in Nigeria

Did you know that dog breeding business is one of the most profitable businesses in Nigeria?

Dogs are largely kept as an assurance of security in Nigeria. Aside from this, they’re kept by humans for companionship. The adorable faces, acts and fur of some dogs make them irresistible and craved for by their onlookers.

Dog breeding businesses are highly sought after due to the huge demand for dogs.

And this business can make you rich.

Now, although there’s profit in dog breeding, it must not be the major goal. The health, genetic makeup, and proper care for these animals are highly important.

For every business that booms, you need strategy and you need knowledge.

Why dog breeding business is profitable, how much you can make as a dog breeder, how dog breeding business works, how to start your business, the best dog breeds, among others are outlined in this article.

Let’s dive in.

Why Start a Dog Breeding Business

● You get an opportunity to make a career out of your adoration for dogs.

● You get to provide dogs for families, individuals, for security, cosy hugs, hunting and other differing purposes. You help someone who needs a guard dog get them. Soft, warm and furry companions exist in our homes because of you and people like you.

● You help prevent a species or more from going extinct, preserving their distinct features, characteristics and the purposes they primarily serve.

So, why not?

Who’s Your Target Market?

The target market for dog breeders includes dog lovers, security units, hunters, research institutes, dog trainers.

The targets vary with the breeds; athletic breeds for sports, cute and furry breeds for homes, muscular and fierce breeds for security.

How To Start a Dog Breeding Business

✅Knowledge

● Knowledge of dog breeding: how to cater for dogs; care for puppies, pregnant dogs, sick dogs; recognizing sick dogs and dogs in the heat period.

● Know genetics: this will help you as a breeder in choosing dogs to be paired for breeding. You will also understand their traits and qualities and avoid hereditary disorders in puppies.

● Dog coaching: puppies especially need to be given some basic training to prepare them for their new owner.

● First aid knowledge: just like humans, pets also have accidents and get injured. Knowledge of first aid before the appearance of a vet is very important.

✅Build Relationships

Vets, dog breeders are useful relations that would help you out in this business with their knowledge, tips and experience. Build relationships with them. Get help from them, also, help them when you can.

✅A business Plan

It is never enough to have an idea in your head, especially a business idea.

Write out your business plan. Studies have shown that there’s a greater likelihood for a business idea to morph into a prospering business when there is a business plan.

✅A Business Name

This is what would be used to refer to your dog breeding business by people. Create a name that would stick to the mouths of people like a piece of blown-out chewing gum.

✅A Location

A place where the puppies and dogs would be cared for. The neighbourhood where the kennel would be situated should agree with the noise that would be produced. It should also have enough space for them to roam about and play.

✅Set Up The Business

Acquire the starting or founding dogs- the starters of the breeding business. Make the necessary equipment available.

✅A business Account

This puts your business name upfront. The business account carries the business name and all the money for business goes into it, preventing your money from getting mixed up with that of your business.

It also offers the protection of your assets in a case where your business is sued.

✅Business Accounting

This helps you study the performance of your business. It involves the detailed calculation of income and expenditure for your business.

✅A Business Website

A business website helps put your dog breeding business out. It displays your business as legit and trustworthy and attracts customers to your business.

✅Build Your Brand

What your business stands for is your brand.

The quality and health of the breeds showcase your brand. If the breeds are weak, your brand is affected and people would hesitate to refer you or come back.

A website helps with the brand building too.

✅Dog Exercise

Regular training and exercise for the dogs to keep them active and alert are of great importance . Not doing this would lead to a weak immune system, restlessness, tiredness, among others in the dogs.

✅Regular Checkups

Regular checkups by a vet ensure that the dogs are healthy. You should have a veterinary doctor who you recognize as a vet for your dogs.

✅Marketing

To find customers, relationships built with other dog breeders and vets would come in handy.

Your website, social media and referrals are also ways to market your dogs.

Best Dog Breeds for Business

✅Siberian Husky

They have a lifespan of about 14 years. Siberian Husky breeds are active and have low possibilities of health issues. They are amongst the best selling dogs.

✅Rottweiler

The Rottweiler breed is among the most famous dog breeds. It is playful to the core with familiar people and defensive against strangers. Rottweilers are not susceptible to many diseases.

✅Otterhound

Otterhounds can swim. They have thick fur and a calm appearance. The Otterhound’s coat is waterproof, keeping its body temperature stable while it’s in the water.

✅German Shepherd

This breed of dogs is among easy-to-breed dogs. They are smart and courageous dogs (I’ve read a story where a child was saved by a German Shepherd). They are one of the popularly bred dogs in Nigeria.

✅French Bulldogs

French Bulldogs are adorable, small-sized breeds. They need much care and maintenance.

They are prone to defects like dwarfism and respiratory disorders. These defects can be countered by acquiring healthy starting dogs to produce equally healthy puppies.

✅Tibetan Mastiffs

Tibetan Mastiffs live as long as 16 years and more. They are guard dogs and are extremely intimidating to strangers.

They have a muscular build.

✅Saluki

This breed is one of the swift dog breeds. They would thrive in competitions and hunting. They are also homely dogs for families and individuals.

Best Dog Foods for Breeders

7 best dog foods recommended by Vets:

● Royal canin dog food

● Bavaro

● Josera

● Purina

● Booster

● Taste of the wild

● Arion

Housing Provision For Dogs

● The kennel must be warm and comfortable, a home for the dogs and puppies. There must be absence of fear and discomfort for the dogs.

● Equipment for feeding, warmth, cleaning, disinfecting should be available as well.

● The location of the kennel should also be in close range to vets, pet shops and customers.

How Much Can You Sell Your Dogs

The prices differ with dog breeds, age and sex. After checking in on the cost of feeding among others, study the market before you set your price.

Don’t try to breed after every litter. Give the dog time and space to recover and care for the puppies.

This would allow you to care for each litter sufficiently.

Conclusion

Did this article clear your doubts on whether dog breeding is a good business in Nigeria?

Let me know your answer in the comments.

Don’t forget to share.

Read More
Start A Business

Top 10 Business For Nigerians In Diaspora

If you live outside Nigeria these may interest you so much. Every Nigerian living abroad wants to invest back home. So, I have packaged the best 10 businesses Nigerians in Diaspora can start while living abroad.

Yes, I have carefully looked into how some of these businesses can be done without constant supervision. For those living abroad, you may have experienced how family members or friends squander investment you put them over to manage for you.

So, I’m not going to put you in that situation at all. These businesses are carefully chosen for Nigerians in Diaspora. You can monitor them successfully while still at your based abroad.

How To Start Business As A Nigerian In Diaspora

That you are living abroad doesn’t mean you can’t invest and make extra income in Nigeria. Most of you can’t even return home because you may not be able to finance your trip back to base. But now, I’m showing how you can ensure you live abroad and still make money at home.

The exchange rate is highest in history now. Don’t think it’s ever going to go down. This is your opportunity to earn little abroad and invest better here taking advantage of the high exchange rate.

According to a PWC document, Nigerians in Diaspora would send a total of US$25.5bn, US$29.8bn and US$34.8bn in 2019, 2021 and 2023 respectively. That’s huge money coming back home. And with CBN new policy on forex transaction for Diaspora remittances, you can be sure your money exchange rate is fine.

So, you have the money, it’s time to plan how to invest it securely back home. I’m also going to discourage you from doing investments through family and friends, unless they have experience in investment. Stop giving your money to people who are in financial needs or lack requirement investment experience.

Steps To Create A Diaspora Business

As you plan to invest back home, don’t do it ignorantly. Don’t jump on any offer that looks good. While every business is good enough, there is always secrets how each business works successfully.

Do not neglect the services of experts. Pay good money to get the best guide when starting your business. It’s worth every penny than losing millions in investment. You know the value of using consultants abroad, don’t come back home and be trying to get free information. You are only preparing to invest your money with less professional help. That’s failure in disguise.

I have put together some steps to guide you. Take them seriously, avoid trying to cut corners or do over-sabi.

  • Do Your Research
  • Hire A Consultant to help out
  • Write A Business Plan
  • Plan Your Finances
  • Choose A Business Structure
  • Pick And Register Your Business Name
  • Get Licence And Permits
  • Choose Your Accounting System
  • Setup Your Business Location
  • Get Your Team Ready
  • Promote Your Startup Business

How Nigerians In Diaspora Business Works

I want to assume that you will still live abroad but be operating your business in Nigeria. So, I will devise you that you consider the business ideas carefully and select only what is applicable and suitable for you to do from abroad.

The reason for these Diaspora Business Ideas is to help Nigerians in Diaspora to invest back home in Nigeria without returning to help run or manage the business. The ideas advanced in this article are practically businesses that can be better managed or have the Diaspora investor control important aspect of the business from their base.

Another reason is to get you involved in the daily operation of the business. For example, operating a gas plant may look like something you can’t manage remotely. But being the one to handle the purchase of the gas whenever you need supply helps you control sales as well.

List Of Diaspora Business Ideas

Below is the list of carefully selected businesses you can do as a Nigerian in Diaspora. Make no mistakes, don’t go into any of these business unless you have better information to guide you or hire the services of an expert.

  1. Bitcoin Exchange Business
  2. LPG Gas Plant Refill Business
  3. Built To Rent Real Estate
  4. Build To Sell Rea Estate
  5. Car Wash Business
  6. eCommerce Business
  7. Product Supply Business
  8. Hair Barbing Salon Hub
  9. Fashion Design Business Hub
  10. IT Engineering Business Hub

Bitcoin Exchange Business

Bitcoin is becoming popular in Nigeria now but every transaction is done from sites domicile abroad. Nigerians in Diaspora can tap into this huge potential to provide a trusted exchange for Nigeria on Bitcoin and other virtual currencies.

This business is practically online. That gives you the advantage to operate it from your based abroad.

LPG Gas Plant Refill Business

If you are looking to get into a multimillion naira investment with guaranteed success in Nigeria, here’s one you can do now. Nigeria has huge untapped potential for cooking gas. I have written several articles on the potentials and guide on how to setup profitable cooking gas plant anywhere in Nigeria.

However, I also strongly recommend that hire a gas consultant. Doing business blindly is the cause of most business failures. There are basic principles that must be followed during startup and if you miss those basics the possibility of the business failure could be higher.

Since the business deals with specific volume and measurements, you can control gas supply from your based, while monitoring daily sales lodgments through your online banking.

Built To Rent Real Estate

This one is not new to Nigerians in Diaspora. It’s been done over the years. I’m only going to add a twist to it to adopt it properly for Nigerians in Diaspora best interest. One other thing that I advocating for Nigerians in Diaspora to do when investing in build to rent business is to develop rental spaces that’s irresistible to the target market.

As a Diaspora investor, creating a little rental app could give you the power of your tenancy agreements and renewal dates. That way you can monitor and know exactly when rents are due, whose rent was due, how much are expected and which tenants have defaulted in their payment.

Instead of giving your building to your family members to manage, get a real estate lawyer to manage your buildings.

Build To Sell Real Estate

Still on real estate business that Nigerians in Diaspora can invest into without running risks of family interference and liabilities. You can build to sell properties. You can build apartments to sell. It’s just the usual but having your own special designs.

Car Wash Business

Car wash is a very lucrative business if done well. Although, the challenge is usually managing it properly with people being in control while you are based abroad. But a friend of mine shared with me his secret of running his multiple car wash business.

You don’t even need to return from the Diaspora to run your car wash business. Nobody does that, believe me. I have explained the new management secret for car wash business. It works for anyone whether you live in Nigeria or abroad. You can’t wait to read more about that HERE.

eCommerce Business

The current eCommerce business in Nigeria needs more investors. The Nigerian market is in dire need of quality and trusted products. Nigerians in Diaspora have access to these foreign goods that would sell in Nigeria.

There’s a huge market for demand for quality products. You can create an eCommerce DropShipping store to sell anything from overseas, from diapers, soap, creams, etc. All you need is to offer it in bulk purchase to make the offer what the shipping cost. Then, you arrange local delivery partnership.

If this is done better it will be a huge market for basic foreign goods.

Product Supply Business

This one is similar to the Diaspora eCommerce business. The only difference is that it might not be online based. You just find potential bulk buyers of any quality product abroad and supply it. My cousin brings foreign version of some popular soaps in Nigeria.

As long as people can trust your source that’s it quality and foreign you have a business.

Hair Barbing Salon Hub

Now, let me come back to fully home grown option again. This time, it’s not just an ordinary salon. You are not starting a salon business. You are going to rent big shop in a major location in the city, build a standard salon and rent out either the entire salon or per space or seat, as the case maybe.

You are collecting rent as a landlord, while the head dressers and barbers are your tenants. You don’t have to worry about how many hair done per day. You just calculate rent per day.

Fashion Design Business Hub

This fashion Hub works the same way with salon Hub. It’s just for the fashion designers. You also build a well equipped fashion hub with all the fashion machines required to start a cloth and finish it in the Hub without going outside to get any extra help.

IT Engineering Business Hub

This IT Hub is slightly different but works in similar way with all the other hubs. n IT Hub now is mostly targeted at the highly demand handset market. There’s huge demand for handset repairs.

An IT Hub can have its own service parts store and rent out space to technicians who does the phone repairs. That way, you earn money from the space rent and also from parts sold.

Conclusion

Nigerians in Diaspora has suffered so much loses trying to invest back home. They either fall into the hands of family members or trusted friends, who only aim is to extort money from their Diaspora relatives.

It has helped build discouragement and cold feet among Diaspora Nigerians who would have been a large source of direct foreign investment into Nigeria. Most Nigerians in Diaspora has resorted to waiting till when they are ready to return back to Nigeria to fully setup and manage their businesses themselves.

But, I’m not even the only one who feels Diaspora Nigerians shouldn’t relent in trying to build multiply source of income back home while still living abroad. I have also stumbled on a website (HELPMEWAKA.COM) that helps Nigerians in Diaspora to do anything they want to do back home without using their family members.

Read More
Start A Business

How To Start Goat Farming For Beginners

Goat farming business is one of the most popular livestock businesses in Nigeria. Some people rear two or more goats for personal benefit while some rear for business.

Goat farming business involves the raising and rearing of goats on a small or large scale.

Goats are on high demand for their meat, especially their head, in many restaurants. Goat heads are used to make a soup called ‘Isi ewu’.

Goats are one of the major sources of meat in Nigeria. They are used to celebrate many festivals including Christmas, Salah, weddings, birthdays and many other occasions.

Goats are easy to rear and do not require much attention. For small scale farming, they can be reared in a compound, while a large scale farming would require more land space.

This business is definitely one you can do on the side along with your full-time work.

Is Goat Farming Profitable?

Goat farming is a lucrative business and goats are easy to rear. Their meat is widely eaten across the country and is therefore in high demand.

Since goat meat is a highly required commodity, you can’t go wrong with starting your own goat farm.

How Much Goat Farmers Make

Goat farms need little investment to start but the profit, in the end, is much more than the investment.

This profit is gotten from the meat and the milk for meat-producing and milk-producing goat farms respectively.
Profits can also be gotten from their byproducts which includes droppings, skin, hair and bones.

Tips To Set Up A Goat Farm

Your Business Plan:

Planning is very important, especially in the beginning. How much are you intending to pour in the business? Are you going small scale or large scale? (It’s advisable to start with a small scale business if you’re just starting).

What are you rearing the goats for? Meat, milk or both? Have a plan that covers what your farm entails before you begin.

Get Knowledge:

Get the necessary knowledge you need to run your goat farm. Getting knowledge is important so that you don’t fall for little and avoidable mistakes.

Learn how to take care of the goats, their reproduction and gestation period, symptoms of diseases, and how to properly care for them.

Find A Good Land :

The location of the land for the farm must have pasture available or must be close to pasture. The farm must also have enough space to allow the goats roam freely. A spacious farm allows for less possibility of the spread of diseases.

Construct Infrastructures:

Sheds must also be built to keep the goats together when it’s dark, raining or when the sun is harsh. Since goats move in groups, it’s not advisable to separate them in different spaces or sheds.

Other infrastructure like fences to prevent the goats from getting lost and intruders from getting in, constant water supply, lodging house(s) that can accommodate you or your farm workers, should be made available before the arrival of your goats.

Get A Good Breed:

Get a good breed of goats. If you’d be rearing goats for their meat, get a breed that produces more meat and if you’d be rearing for milk, get a breed that produces milk abundantly.

Goat Feed:

Goats feed on pasture. It’s their original choice of food. Therefore, your goat farm must have pasture. You can plant grasses on your land or arrange for a nearby land where it is approved and favourable for your goats to graze.

There are also healthy processed goat feeds you can buy to feed the goats exclusively or along with pasture.

Get A Veterinary Doctor:

Goats need medical check-ups by a Vet doctor once in a while to check and confirm that they’re in good health and to quickly identify sick goats and separate them from healthy ones.

Marketing:

As your goats mature, discover markets and the market prices so that you have an idea of how much they are worth before you take them to the market for sale.

Startup Cost And Requirements

The startup cost must be sufficient to acquire a good land with good pasture, facilities needed for the smooth run of the farm and the purchase of the goats.

Types of Goat Species to Farm in Nigeria

There are several species of goats reared in Nigeria. These species include both local breeds which are resident in the country and adaptable breeds from other countries.

Local breeds include:

1. African dwarf
2. Maradi/Red Sokoto
3. Pygmy
4. Sahelian

Foreign breeds includes:

5. Boer
6. Saanen
7. Nubian
8. Alpine
9. Toggenburg
10. Jamnapari

Which Breed of Goat is Most Profitable?

The most profitable species of goats to rear for meat is the Boer breed. This breed, unlike most breeds, can produce a good amount of meat even at a year old. It weighs about 300 pounds when mature. Australia is the top exporter of Boer meat.

The Saanen breed is the best goat species for milk production. A mature Saanen goat can produce 1-3 gallons of milk in one day.

Challenges of Goat farming Business

Outbreak of Disease:

Diseases are a major challenge for livestock farms, including goat farms. These diseases include brucellosis, coccidiosis and salmonellosis, among others.

Diseases can be prevented by regular vaccination and deworming. Routine checks by veterinary doctors would also limit the spread of diseases. During these checks, weak animals and ones with visible signs of a disease would be separated from the rest

Limited Access to Pasture:

This problem may arise in certain areas where there is low availability of pasture or during certain seasons like the dry season.

This problem can be tackled by growing a pasture in your farm and consistently watering it during the dry season.

Conclusion

Goat farming business is easy to run and needs little attention and labour. Despite its simplicity, this business has good returns. So, you get the ease (as long as you do it right) and good profit.

Read More
Start A Business

How To Start Mushroom Farming For Beginners

Mushroom farming is a lucrative business with little recognition in Nigeria. Commercial mushroom farming involves the breeding of edible mushrooms for sale.

Mushrooms are the fruiting bodies of a kind of fungi. They grow on their source of food, which is usually a rotting wood, and on the soil.

Mushrooms occur in various breeds with some containing toxins that are harmful to the body while some contain nutrients which benefits the body. Apart from the many nutrients mushrooms are a source to, they have a delightful taste.

The demand for mushrooms is high while its supply is low in Nigeria. Therefore, the supply is supported by exporting mushrooms from other countries.

Is Mushroom Farming Profitable?

Mushroom farming in Nigeria is on low availability whereas its demand is high. With this, starting your mushroom farm would bring you to a market where the product is in high need but there are few suppliers. Therefore, you don’t have to worry about not finding customers.

Mushroom farming takes some effort (what business doesn’t?) but the profit is worth more than the effort. This business can make you a millionaire as long as learn the know-how and do it.

How Much Mushroom Farmers Make?

Mushroom farmers make millions! The amount you profit at the end of one season is, of course, as a result of the amount you invest in mushroom seeds.

For instance, you made 25 bags of oysters which weigh about 500 kilos. 1 kilo of oysters is N2000, 500 kilos of oyster gives you 2000 × 500 = 1,000,000 naira.

Tips To Set Up Mushroom Farm

You want to start mushroom farming, here’s what you need to do.

Get The Know-How:

To start anything, you need to know how to do it or you’ll make the slightest mistake you could have avoided.

This article already gives you a basic knowledge of mushroom farming. Read more about it and also learn from mushroom farmers.

Acquire a Space:

Get a space for your farm. This space should be large enough to accommodate your mushrooms if using the wood log medium. For the sawdust medium, you can use a darkened room with enough ventilation in your house (to save some money) or build a farmhouse.

The Substrate or Medium:

Get the medium or substrate needed to grow the mushrooms. Examples of this substrate are sawdust and bran. The substrate must be disinfected to remove microorganisms which may affect the growth of the mushrooms.

The Container and in-Betweens:

The container can be a plastic bag or something else that has enough space to allow the mushroom spawns (seeds) to grow.

The in-betweens are equipment for sanitation which includes gloves and disinfectants and sprayers to mist the mushrooms.
Good sanitation is a very important factor in a mushroom farm which can either make or break it.

The Seeds:

The seeds called spawns must be of good quality. Aim for quality, not inexpensiveness. Make sure to get your seeds from a reliable source.

Mushroom Spawn Suppliers:

  • Prokee Import And Export Merchants.
  • KC Farm
  • Anighoro farms (based in Lagos, Ogun & and Edo state)
  • JEMAC Alternatives Nig Ltd
  • ECONERG INDUSTRIAL GROUP
  • Jomolu Farms
  • David Nigeria Limited
  • FASFAT INTEGRATED SERVICES
  • TJY Nigeria
  • AILENET BUSINESS RESOURCES
  • AB PROPERTIES AND DEVELOPMENT COMPANY LIMITED
  • Mcprint Systems Limited
  • LTC Mushroom
  • Sweet Fungus Limited
  • ACEPRD Mushroom Farm (University Of Jos)
  • Afudem Farm
  • Santa Nigeria Limited
  • Paramount Integrated Ltd
  • Sunnykem Multibiz Company
  • Ozias Nigeria Limited
  • Lexon International Enterprise

Startup Cost And Requirements

The cost to start initially ranges from N100,000-N500,000. The startup would be on the less side if some of the essentials are present.

The cost for subsequent breeding seasons would also be less since the necessary facilities are already available.

The startup cost is required to cover the acquisition of land, the building of a farmhouse (if you don’t have one already), and all the materials needed for the smooth run of the farm.

Best Ways to Make a Mushroom Farm

To build a mushroom farm, you need a medium– a substrate where the mushroom seed is planted which can allow it to grow.
This medium can either be a log of wood or sawdust.

Sawdust Medium

Sawdust is cheap to get. A bag can be sold for N50 or less if you’re buying many in bulk.

For the sawdust medium:

● Get bags of sawdust and sterilize the sawdust to remove microorganisms that would harm the mushrooms.
● Place the sawdust in a plastic bag or any other container that can accommodate the growth of the mushrooms.
● Combine the seeds of the mushroom (spawns) with the sawdust in the container.

● The mushroom spawns need an initial heat before they grow. So, place the container with the mixture of sawdust and spawns under direct sunlight to heat up for some time.

● After heating, place the container in a dark room or space. This is where the growing process occurs. This room should have good ventilation and be at normal room temperature.

● Pour some soil over the mixture and spray it with water regularly to keep it moistened for about 4 weeks as the spawns grow into mushrooms.

Wood Log Medium

To use this medium, you would need logs of wood cut into several pieces. These pieces of wood must be decontaminated and must be a good breeding area for the mushrooms.

To plant the mushroom spawns,

● Make holes into the pieces of wood and place the spawns in these holes.

● Keep the logs under a shade to protect the spawns from direct sunlight.

● Spray the spawns regularly as they grow into mushrooms.

Types of Mushroom Species

Some of the edible mushroom species to farm in Nigeria include:

Shiitake (Letinula Edodes): This species of mushroom is said to reduce tumours. It’s widely grown in Asian countries, especially Japan.

Oysters (Pleurotus Ostreatus): This species have antibacterial and antioxidant abilities. It may also fight excess cholesterol in one’s body.

Morels (Morchella Esculenta): Morels also have antioxidant abilities like Oysters and are rich in vitamin C.

Chanterelles (Cantharellus Cibarius): This species, like Shiitake, is widely grown in Asia along with Europe’s northern regions and North America. They are rich in vitamins C and D.

Challenges of Mushroom Farming

The major challenge facing mushroom businesses in Nigeria is the inadequate information about the health benefits of mushrooms and the support they can add to the economy.

Mushroom farming is an untapped resource that can generate employment and income to Nigerians if only more people know about it.

Conclusion

Mushroom farming is interesting and it’s valuable. Not many people are involved in it. It’s easy to run and yields magnanimously in a few months. This business is one you should consider. Just learn the process and follow them and you’d have for yourself a booming business. It’s mostly consumed as livestock but it’s a vegetable.

Read More
Start A Business

How to Start A Company with Zero Capital In 2021

This year, unemployment in Nigeria has surged again. Due to the pandemic, many residents have been deprived of their usual sources of income. Losing your job is a nightmare, but there are still ways to become self-employed, even with very little or no investment. I’m going to show you how you can start a company with zero capital.

These ideas can help you succeed despite the saddening turn of economic events. Discover five occupations that pay enough to cover typical expenses and make savings at the same time. You can earn money in one of the following ways.

1. Website Design

You can start a company to create websites, using free online courses to acquire web design skills. In this realm, practice makes perfect, so all you really need is a good eye and perseverance. Instead of spending hours on social media, do something that will pay off in the long term. Then, you may spread the word among your friends, place ads on social media, and gradually grow your clientele along with your portfolio.

2. Fitness Training

Being fit is trendy, so why not leverage this trend? People are still crazy about six-packs and athletic figures. Education is also accessible through the Internet. Begin by toning your own body and offer services to other people. Many Nigerians would like to train, but they have no time to visit the gym or no discipline to work out at home. With home services, you will grow your network quickly, as people will be referring you to their friends.

You can also become a fitness blogger on Instagram and make videos for YouTube. This opens up a world of opportunities in terms of advertising. First, if you have many followers, brands will reach out to you with paid promotion offers. Secondly, you may join the YouTube partner program and to get money for every thousand views. Thirdly, you may open side businesses like the production of sportswear. Overall, if you start small and work hard, there are many possible money flow directions.

3. Online Trading

This year, the popularity of trading online has soared. Skilled traders can make money wherever they are using computers or mobile devices. In 2019, Nigeria had the second-largest volume of FX trading on the continent. Now, it is poised to surpass South Africa. Education is free, and global brokers register demo accounts for risk-free practice on terminals like MetaTrader 4.

The idea of trading in the largest financial markets may sound daunting, but most instruments follow the same logic. Your goal is to buy low and sell high. All operations, from initial analysis to trading and withdrawal of funds are done online. All you need is the right software, reliable brokerage, knowledge, and a sound plan.

Entry into the live market is more affordable than ever, and you may open an account with just two thousand nairas (or $10). Forextime offers accounts denominated in the Nigerian currency, so you will save on conversion fees. Discover what is copy trading and delegate decision-making to professionals.

Start with currency pairs like USD/ZAR or EUR/USD. Subsequently, you will add more assets, which boosts profit and lowers overall risks. Beyond Forex trading, there are precious metals, stocks, and assorted derivatives. CFDs allow holders to profit from changes in different markets without owning any physical assets. There are CFDs on stocks, commodities like oil, market indices like FTSE 100, Bitcoin, and other cryptocurrencies, etc.

4. Private Tutoring

Is there a subject you know really well? Why not monetize your knowledge by teaching others? Young students and kids are not the only audiences. Adult schooling is also in demand, as there are older people who have not studied before due to a lack of time or opportunities. The third avenue is preparation for important exams like WAEC, NECO, GCE, and JAMB.

2020 has changed the education industry as distant learning is the new norm. This means you may not even need to leave your home to work. Register on tutoring platforms and conduct online webinars for groups or one-on-ones. Alternatively, you may build your own brand on social media and get clients from there.

5. Freelance Writing

The written word is still in great demand. You may become a copywriter and create marketing materials for companies, as the Internet is the main conduit for advertising today. Alternatively, you start your own blog and monetize it through Google AdSense. Finally, you can become a proofreader and check other people’s work without the need to write anything new.

Look Beyond the Familiar

Despite its rampant unemployment, Nigeria offers many opportunities for those who want to start their business. These five ideas require little or no capital, and education is free. Build your own brand, and it will help you earn money for years to come.

Read More
Start A Business

How To Start Pig Farming For Beginners

Pig farming is a kind of livestock farming which involves the rearing of pigs. Pigs, if nurtured and reared well, mature for market quicker than most livestock. Their breeding rate (about 10 healthy piglets) also contributes to providing more profit to their farmer.

Pig farming isn’t gross as it’s stereotyped to be. In fact, an emphasis is placed on cleanliness and biosecurity like other livestock farms. Maybe even more than other farms.

Pig farming as you already guessed is the rearing of pigs for commercial purposes.

How Profitable Is Pig Farming?

Pig farming is highly profitable. It however doesn’t have the recognition it deserves in Nigeria. Pig meat (pork) is a good source of animal protein. The nutritional benefits pork is capable of giving trumps over religious biases some people have about it.

How Much Pig Farmers Make

A mature pig can be sold for N35,000-N40,000. The sale of 50 mature pigs for N35,000 would give you 50 × 35,000= N1,750,000. If you raise 200 mature pigs in a year, your return would be 200 × 35,000= 7 million naira.

However, the market-quality of the pigs depends on the quality of the pig’s breed and its overall health.

Demand For Pig Meat

The demand for pig meat (pork) is high in Nigeria but there are few localised sources. About 80% of the pork consumed in Nigeria is imported.

Pork is a major source of animal protein and though there are religious discriminations against pork, the nutritional benefits can not be ignored.

Tips To Set Up Pig Farm

Starting your pig farm can seem a little daunting and confusing at first ’cause where do you start from

Here are some tips you should know before launching your pig farm:

Startup Capital:

The startup capital is an important component that determines the others. It must be enough to cover vaccination, housing and feed for the pigs.

Free-Range or Intensive:

Pigs can either be reared in a free-range system or an intensive system.

In the free-range system, the pigs are allowed to roam about and graze on a fenced piece of land. In this system, the animals have enough space to themselves and there is less possibility of the spread of diseases.

Shade must be provided in the free-range system to prevent the pigs from getting sunburns and to provide a cool atmosphere for the pigs.

In an intensive system, the pigs are kept in a secured building and their movements are usually limited to the house. The animals might be allowed to roam on fenced grounds and are later returned to the building.

There must be enough space to accommodate the animals in the building to prevent overcrowding.

3. Housing: The house the pigs are kept in must allow enough air in and be cool even in hot periods. This is because pigs are vulnerable to stress from heat. The building should also be spacious enough for the number of pigs accommodated in it.

4. Getting the pigs: When getting the weaners (little pigs), ensure that they are of good genetics and in good health. Although we sometimes go for the cheaper alternative, don’t do that while purchasing the new pigs. Purchase the ones of good quality.

5. Availability of water: The availability of water is a very important factor that determines the proper growth and function of pigs.
On average, a young pig needs about 10 litres of water in a day while an adult pig needs 25-50 litres in a day.

That is a lot of water!

Apart from the nutritional benefits of water, pigs also use water to regulate their body temperature. This is also a reason why they bathe in mud.

There must be a constant supply of water available and a backup reserved water in case the supply of water is cut short.

6. Quality of feed: What kind of feed would you be providing your pigs? The feed must be a balanced diet, providing your swine all the needed nutrition.

7. Marketing: When your pigs are getting mature for the market, find a good market for them and sell at profitable rates.

8. Start small: It is advisable to start small when you’re just beginning. This would enable you to test your knowledge and capability. And it would also shorten the number of possible casualties that may occur due to your experience level. As soon as you get the hang of it, increase the number of weaners the next time.

Startup Cost And Requirements

The cost of starting up a pig farm must be enough to cover the land, housing, the pigs, vaccines, feed and feeding equipment.

Pig Farm Construction

The construction of a pig farm solely depends on whether it’s a free-range or an intensive housing system.

For an intensive housing system, a building with enough ventilation and light would be erected. This building must be able to keep them warm during the cold season and keep them cool during hot seasons.

For a free-range system, the field provided for the pigs to graze and roam on must be fenced to prevent them from wandering till they’re lost. Also, a house must be built to gather the pigs together when it’s dark to protect them from predators and cold.

Light, water and shade must be made available to the pigs in either kind of housing system. Good quality feed and water must also be provided.

The Best Pig Species

The best species of pigs in Nigeria are:

1. Local breeds: They came in different colours: white, black, brown.

Foreign breeds include:

2. Duroc: They are red in colour and are muscular. Also, their growth rate is faster than the other breeds.

3. Hampshire: They are black in colour with a white band around their body. They are also muscular.

4. Landrace: The pigs are white in colour and they have long bodies.

5. Yorkshire: This breed is white in colour and also has long bodies.

Challenges of Pig farming Business

1. Disease and infection: This is a major problem many livestock farmers face. The spread of disease can be prevented by not overcrowding, by vaccinating the pigs and by examining them regularly for signs of an infection.

2. Acquisition of land: Finding land that not only accommodates the pigs well but one that also accommodates their waste products might be hard to find. Also, when choosing a land, consider it’s closeness to markets, access to water and convenient roads.

3. Cost of feed: Pigs feed on several ranges of food: foods humans eat, vegetables, leftovers from restaurants and many other scraps.

4. Startup Capital: Fresh and young entrepreneurs face the problem of low or no startup capital. They may have the idea and knowledge to start a pig farm but the capital is absent.

This challenge can be tackled by saving, investing, receiving a loan, lending from friends and family, selling stuff you don’t need, and many more.

Conclusion

Pig farming is an interesting kind of livestock farming. It is an overlooked business, therefore, there are only a few farms in Nigeria. Even with this, it is consumed significantly in the country.

Pig farming requires time, money and care like other kinds of livestock farming. Like most livestock farms (if not all), pig farming is highly profitable. Gather the necessary knowledge you need to build a successful pig farming business and start building your farm.

Read More
Start A Business

How To Start Fish Farming As A Beginner

Fish farming is one of the most lucrative businesses in Nigeria and many other parts of the world. Fish farming involves the breeding of fishes for personal or commercial purposes.

Fishes contain lots of minerals and vitamins. They abundantly contain iron, magnesium, zinc, calcium and more.

Fishes contain Omega 3 fatty acids, which aids the proper functioning of the heart, and are good sources of minerals and vitamins. Unlike most meat, they have no cholesterol and this brings them to the top of the food chain for the middle-aged and old sect of the population.

Fishes and their products (e.g fish oil) are prescribed by medical staff to supplement or increase some minerals and vitamins in a person.

What’s The Demand For Fish?

The demand for fish is high and increasing as more people discover its usefulness. Also, since it doesn’t have cholesterol like meat, its demand among middle-aged and old people is high.

Tips On Setting Up Your Own Fish Pond

Training

Get equipped with the knowledge you need to start your fish farm. Learn from a fish farmer for as long as you should (preferably about 2 months). The success of your fish farm (and other kinds of livestock farms) won’t come by chance or luck but by knowing what you ought to know.

Land and Location:

The kind of land you get solely rests on your pocket and the size of your business. You can start with the space in your compound if it’s enough to accommodate the fish ponds. You can also start with a half plot of land or a full plot or more, as long as it’s within your capacity.

The location of the land doesn’t matter because fishes don’t create environmental issues.

Build Ponds:

Once you’ve got a space for the ponds, the next thing to do is build ponds.

For this part, an expert is required. You need an expert in pond construction or expert advice from a good fish farm so that everything is measured correctly and all fall in the right place.

Accessible Water Source:

Natural origins of water (streams, boreholes, unchlorinated well water, etc) must be readily available since water is the habitat of fishes.

Get a Tank or Reservoir:

The tank or reservoir is where water from the natural source is pumped into. This water is carried through the pipes that connect with the ponds and fills the ponds.

Getting the Fishes:

Ensure that the supplier is reputable and that the fishes are healthy and of a good breed.

Startup Cost And Requirements

The startup cost is required to cover the construction of the ponds, the tank or reservoir, the source of natural water, and all in between. The startup cost depends on your capital at hand.
Thankfully, there are several kinds of fish ponds whose prices vary widely.

Fish Pond Construction

There are several kinds of fish ponds: earthen, concrete, plastic, wooden, fibreglass and embankment fish ponds. However, earth and concrete are the two major types.

Earthen Fish Pond:

It’s easy to build. What you need to do is dig a hole in a specific area of the land with a shallow and a deep end/lip. The depth of the shallow lip should be at 1m and the deep lip at 2m.

Concrete Fish Pond:

This involves the use of concrete and blocks to build walls about 5cm thick and a floor about 10cm thick.

Embankment Fish Pond:

This directly involves a natural water source. A fish pond is made from the natural water source (e.g stream) by segregating a part of the source with barriers.

Fiberglass, Wooden and Plastic Fish Ponds:

These fish ponds are built with fibreglass, wood and plastic respectively.

These fish ponds are built with inlets and outlets that bring water in and out respectively. Also, a regular water supply is very essential for all types of fish ponds.

Types of Fish Species

Among the various species of fishes available, only a few can be bred. The three main species of fishes farmers breed are:

Catfish:

Catfishes are one of the easiest to nurture so most fish farmers choose it, especially when they’re just starting.
Catfishes are the type of fish most likely to be paired with a poultry farm because the birds’ droppings can be used to augment the feed for the fishes and to fertilize the pond.

Mackerel:

Mackerel tops the chart as the most eaten type of fish in Nigeria. Mackerel fish is popularly known as “Titus”. They reside in the saltwater habitat and are only caught by fishermen. They can’t be bred yet because research is still ongoing about their biology and the possibility of replicating their habitat.

Tilapia:

Tilapia ranks second as the most famous fish in Nigeria. It resides in the freshwater habitat. It’s the easiest type of fish to breed and it reproduces and grows at an insanely fast rate.

Challenges of Fish Farming

Capital:

The capital to start a small scale fish farm can be as high as N400,000-N500,000. The capital for a bigger one blows up into millions. This is because a fish farm needs more structuring than some other livestock farms.

This cost can, however, be reduced by building tarpaulin or plastic ponds which cost about N70,000-N90,000 and are also movable.

Building a fish farm in your compound might reduce the cost to some extent. This is if certain things are already available like the natural water source, land and a tank. What is left is the pond construction, plumbing work, getting the fishes, and everything in between.

Price of Fish:

The price of fish sold by fish farmers is higher in comparison with fishes sold by fishermen due to the cost of feed and management.

This means most people would rather get low-priced good quality fishes from fishermen than high-priced good-quality fishes from fish farmers.

Zero Byproduct:

Fishes unlike many livestock animals have no byproducts. Therefore, their farmer lacks other channels of income other than the fishes themselves.

Conclusion

Fish farming is another lucrative livestock business. The availability of fish farms is also on the increasing side as more people find out about its profitability.

With fish farming, you not only make a huge profit at the end, but you also make an addition to the agricultural sector.

Read More
1 2 3 6